25th EARSeL Symposium
Global Developments in Environmental Earth Observation from Space

Porto, Portugal, 6-11 June 2005
Poster Session B

Introduction of digital technologies to the documentation and study of environmental effects to World Heritage Monuments in the last two decades. on the basis of case studies (Graveyard of Thebes, Egypt and Angkor, Cambodia)

G. Csaki
Erda Ltd.
Gödöllöu a.145, H-1141 Budapest, Hungary


The effective protection of World Heritage Monuments is a significant problem worldwide. These structures are an integral part of the present social-economical environment of mankind. The protection and care of these sites raises a number of interconnected issues in various fields: archaeology, architecture, hydrology, business activities, tourism, regional development and the law are all involved to some extent.

Using case studies, this presentation shows how we introduced state-of-the-art digital technologies to the daily workflow and how we used it effectively to answer the previously outlined questions.

Being excavated for the last two decades, the mortuary temple of Governor Dzsehutimesz in the Noble Graveyard of Thebes, Egypt, rises above the case studies. An important milestone is its history, officially published in 2004, whose digital graphics are the culmination of 18 years’ stereophotogrammatrical work.

Another outstanding case is an experiment by a group of 25 experts - to develop the 'Zoning and Environmental Management Plan' (ZEMP) for UNESCO, and to apply it on the archaeological sites in Angkor, Cambodia. The study, containing research achievements of numerous professional fields, offered a well-applicable methodology of data acquisition and analysing as well as proposed solutions regarding these particular archaeological sites. A new approach to the subject required new tools, since handling and analysing the huge quantities of data was no longer possible with traditional methods. At this point, computer assistance was needed along with a dynamically developing branch of informatics, GIS - geographical information systems.

Last Update: 2005-03-4